[GLLUG] Initrd issue

James Courtier-Dutton james.dutton at gmail.com
Mon Mar 12 22:26:32 UTC 2018

On 12 March 2018 at 19:20, Ken Smith via GLLUG <gllug at mailman.lug.org.uk> wrote:
> Hi All,
> I know this is a long shot but I'm helping a colleague virtualise (Hyper-V)
> a RedHat 8 system. Yes I know - ssh, tls, and on an on are full of holes.
> But they have an application on the machine and well anyway......something
> about the 2.4 kernel and the version of gcc.... Its burried inside a lan and
> has no internet exposure. Anyway here's the issue....
> I've done a test plain RH8 installation on Hyper-V and it runs fine, much to
> my surprise. So even if its not supported it seems to work, network and all.
> Meanwhile on the P to V migrated system I've fixed up grub, grub.conf and
> fstab and rebuilt the initrd. I think its running the nash scripts in the
> initrd and I get the error:
> Warning: Unable to open the initial console.
> Earlier I was having a problem when running the RH8 rescue system. I found
> that the /dev/ filesystem needed manually mounted in /mnt/sysimage/dev
> before I did "chroot /mnt/sysimage". grub-install wouldn't work without the
> manual mount of /dev. I wonder if this is related. /dev/console is there
> when I run mkinitrd with /dev mounted manually. But there is probably
> something else in there I've missed. I removed the original cciss statement
> from modules.conf to stop it looking for the raid controller on the original
> host. I would have thought the a basic vga console module would be in there
> anyway but perhaps not...
> Any clues???

I have run into similar problems in the past.
Redhat seems to only install in the initrd the modules that the hardware needs.
So, when you move from hardware to virtual, you need to add the missing modules.
The easiest way to fix this would be to copy the kernel and initrd
from your working plain installation, onto the P to V version.
It should then boot fine.
This appears to be specific to Redhat.
I think there is a config item for Redhat to make it more portable,
but the default appears to not do it.

I have found that debian and ubuntu seem much more willing to move
from system to system without modification of the HDD image.

Kind Regards


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